The Dark Knight is a superhero film directed, produced and co-written by Christopher Nolan and a sequel to 2005’s Batman Begins. The film is known for its beautiful cinematography and bringing back the dark Knight into Batman as well as for the great performance from the cast including Michael Caine, Gary Oldman, Morgan Freeman and especially Heath Ledger as the “Joker” who unfortunately died shortly after.
Children of Men is a American-British dystopian science fiction film directed by Alfonso Cuarón and starring Clive Owen, Julianne Moore and Michael Caine. The story is set in the United Kingdom of 2027 where two decades of global human infertility have left humanity with less than a century to survive.
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is an American science fiction film directed by Michel Gondry. The film is about a couple who have each other erased from their memories. It uses elements of science fiction, nonlinear narration and neo-surrealism to explore the nature of memory and romantic love.
Lost in Translation is an American film directed by Sofia Coppola and starring Bill Murray and Scarlett Johansson. The film blends elements of comedy as well as more serious themes common in drama films. It was a major critical success and won for Best Original Screenplay.
City of God or Cidade de Deus is a Brazilian crime film directed by Fernando Meirelles based on real events. It depicts the growth of organized crime in the Cidade de Deus suburb, a favelas of Rio de Janeiro, between the end of the ’60s and the beginning of the ’80s.
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring is a 2001 fantasy film directed by Peter Jackson based on the first volume of J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings. The story is about the young hobbit Frodo Baggins and his eight companions that form the Fellowship of the Ring and their journey to Mount Doom. It was a major box office success, being the second highest-grossing film of 2001 in the U.S.
Traffic is a 2000 American crime drama film directed by Steven Soderbergh exploring the illegal drug trade from various perspectives including the user, enforcer, politician and a trafficker. The film was critically acclaimed and earned numerous awards.
In the Mood for Love is a Hong Kong film directed by master cinematographer Wong Kar-wai nominated for the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival in 2000. It is part of an informal trilogy, together with the first part Days of Being Wild released in 1991 and the last part 2046 released in 2004.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a martial art film directed by acclaimed director Ang Lee and is famous for its masterfully choreographed kung fu and action sequences. Shot on a low budget It became the highest-grossing foreign-language film in American history and won over 40 awards.
Boogie Nights is a drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. It is set in Los Angeles’s San Fernando Valley and shows the 70s Golden Age of the Porn industry and its excess in the 1980s, following a young nightclub dishwasher who becomes a popular star.
Fargo is an American dark comedy-crime film produced, directed and written by the brothers Joel and Ethan Coen and starring Frances McDormand, Steve Buscemi and William H. Macy. The film was as huge success and earned seven Academy Award nominations and best Director at Cannes Film Festival.
Toy Story is an American computer-animated film released by Walt Disney Pictures and famous for being the first ever feature film to be made entirely with CGI as well as Pixar’s first big production. The film follows a group of toys who pretend to be lifeless whenever humans are present.
Four Weddings and a Funeral is a British romantic comedy film directed by Mike Newell featuring Hugh Grant. The film was an unexpected success, becoming the highest-grossing British film in cinema history at the time an winning an Academy Award for Best Picture.
Through the Olive Trees is a film directed and written by Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami, known for its minimalist and naturalistic style. It is set in earthquake-ravaged Northern Iran and is a complex study of the link between art and life, constantly blurring the boundaries between fiction and reality.
The Three Colours Trilogy is the collective title of three films Bleu, White and Red directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski. Two films were made in French and one primarily in Polish. The films were Kieslowski’s first major successes outside of Poland and are his most acclaimed works after The Decalogue.
Reservoir Dogs is a American crime film and the debut of director and writer Quentin Tarantino starting Harvey Keitel, Steve Buscemi, Tim Roth, Michael Madsen and Chris Penn. It depicts the events before and after a botched diamond heist, though not the heist itself. The film has become a classic of independent film and a cult hit.
Unforgiven is an American Western film produced and directed by Clint Eastwood. The film which is about an aging outlaw and killer, was only the third western to win the Oscar for Best Picture following Cimarron (1931) and Dances With Wolves (1990).
Raise the Red Lantern is a Chinese film directed by Zhang Yimou, starring Gong Li and based on the 1990 novel Wives and Concubines by Su Tong. The film noted for its opulent visuals and sumptuous use of colours, is the story of a young woman who becomes one of the concubines of a wealthy man during the Warlord Era.
Do the Right Thing is a American drama created by Spike Lee featuring film debut Martin Lawrence. The film was a commercial success and received numerous accolades and awards, including an Academy Award nomination for Lee for Best Original Screenplay.
Nuovo cinema Paradiso or best known as Cinema Paradiso is an Italian drama film written and directed by Giuseppe Tornatore featuring music by Ennio Morricone. The film is known as a an example of “nostalgic postmodernism”, by mixing sentimentality with comedy.
A Room with a View is a British drama film directed by James Ivory adapted from E. M. Forster’s novel of the same name. The film stars Helena Bonham Carter as a young woman in the restrictive Edwardian culture of turn-of-the century England and her love for a free-spirited young man.
Shoah is a nine-hour thirty-six minute documentary film completed by Claude Lanzmann in 1985 about the Holocaust or Shoah. The film primarily consists of interviews and visits to key Holocaust sites.
Blue Velvet is an American mystery film written and directed by David Lynch with elements of both film noir and surrealism. Although the film was initially detested by some mainstream critics, it is now considered one of its greatest achievement.
Come and See directed by Elem Klimov is a Soviet war movie and psychological horror drama about the Nazi German occupation of the Byelorussian SSR. The film was produced to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Soviet victory in World War II, and was a large box-office hit, with 28,900,000 admissions in the Soviet Union alone.
Heimat meaning “homeland” in German are three series of 30 episodic films by Edgar Reitz. The films are about the life in Germany between 1919 and 2000 through the eyes of a family from the Rhineland. Personal and domestic life is set against glimpses of wider social and political events.
Paris, Texas is a drama film directed by acclaimed European director Wim Wenders. The story is about Travis, who has been lost for four years and is taken in by his brother. He later tries to put his life back together and understand what happened between him, his wife Jane (Nastassja Kinski) and his son Hunter (Hunter Carson).
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is an American science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg about a lonely boy who befriends an extraterrestrial who is stranded on Earth. The film was huge blockbuster becoming the most financially successful film released to that point. It is a timeless story of friendship and sometimes considered the greatest science fiction film ever made.
The Deer Hunter is a drama film co-written and directed by Michael Cimino starring stars Robert De Niro, Christopher Walken and Meryl Streep. It is about a trio of Russian American steel worker friends and their infantry service in the Vietnam War.
The Marriage of Maria Braun is a West German film directed by Rainer Werner Fassbinder. The story is about Maria, whose marriage with the soldier Hermann remained unfulfilled due to World War II and his post-war imprisonment. The film is consider one of the more successful works of Fassbinder and known to have shaped the image of the New German Cinema in foreign countries.
Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope, originally released as Star Wars is a 1977 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It is the first of six films released in the Star Wars saga: two subsequent films complete the original trilogy, while a prequel trilogy completes the six-film saga.
Annie Hall is a 1977 American romantic comedy directed by Woody Allen from featuring himself and Diane Keaton. It is often considered one of Allen’s most popular and most honoured films, winning four Academy Awards. Known for being the author of zany comedies, the is considered a major turning point in his career.
Taxi Driver is a 1976 American drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Robert De Niro, Harvey Keitel and Jodie Foster. The story is about a Vietnam war veteran taxi driver, who takes New York City justice into his own hands. The film won the Palme d’Or at the 1976 Cannes Film Festival.
In the Realm of the Senses is a Franco-Japanese drama film directed by Nagisa Oshima about Sada Abe, a fictionalised and sexually explicit treatment of an incident from 1930s Japan. The film generated great controversy during its release, mostly because it contains real scenes of sexual activity between the actors.
Nashville is an American musical black comedy film directed by Robert Altman and often considered one of his best films. The film takes a snapshot of people involved in the country music and gospel music businesses in Nashville, Tennessee, with no less than 24 main characters, an hour of musical numbers and multiple storylines.
Aguirre, the Wrath of God is a 1972 adventure film written and directed by famous German director Werner Herzog, about the travels of Lope de Aguirre, a Spanish soldier, who goes to South America in search of El Dorado, the legendary city of gold.
The Godfather is a 1972 American gangster film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, based on the 1969 novel by Mario Puzo and starring Marlon Brando, Al Pacino, Robert Duvall, Diane Keaton, and John Cazale. It depicts the Italian-American Corleone crime family and is known as one of the best gangster films of all time.
The Conformist is a Italian drama film directed by Bernardo Bertolucci based on the 1951 featuring Jean-Louis Trintignant and using art and decor of the 30’s associated with the Fascist area.
The Wild Bunch is a 1969 cult American western film directed by Sam Peckinpah about an aging outlaw gang on the Texas-Mexico border. The film was controversial because of its graphic, bloody violence and its portrayal of the crude men attempting to survive by any available means.
Bonnie and Clyde is a 1967 American crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker. It is considered as one of the first films of the New Hollywood era and its success motivated other filmmakers to be more forward about presenting sex and violence in their films.
Chelsea Girls is an experimental underground film directed by Andy Warhol and Paul Morrissey and became the first of Warhol’s major commercial success. It was shot at the Hotel Chelsea and other locations in New York City, and follows the lives of several of the young women who live there, and stars many of Warhol’s superstars.
Lawrence of Arabia is a British film directed by David Lean starring Peter O’Toole as T. E. Lawrence. The film depicts Lawrence’s experiences in Arabia during World War I, including his emotional struggles, his personal identity, and his divided allegiance between his native Britain and its army and his newfound comrades within the Arabian desert tribes. It is widely considered one of the greatest and most influential films in the history of cinema.
La Dolce Vita is a comedy-drama film written and directed by the critically acclaimed Italian director Federico Fellini. The film is a story of a passive journalist’s week in Rome and his search for both happiness and love that will never come. The film is generally cited as that one that marks the transition between Fellini’s earlier neo-realist films and his later art films, and is widely considered one of the great achievements in world cinema.
Breathless or À bout de soufflé is a French romantic crime drama film directed by Jean-Luc Godard. It was Godard’s first feature film and much acclaimed for the use of bold visual style and the innovative editing use of jump cuts. Along with Truffaut’s 400 Blows and Alain Resnais’s Hiroshima, it brought international acclaim to the nouvelle vague.
Some Like It Hot is an American comedy film directed by Billy Wilder and starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon.
The 400 Blows or Les Quatre Cents Coups is a French film directed by François Truffaut considered one of the most defining films of the French New Wave displaying many of the characteristic traits of the movement. The story revolves around Antoine Doinel, an ordinary adolescent in Paris who is thought by his parents and teachers to be a trouble maker.
Ashes and Diamonds is a Polish film directed by famous east European director Andrzej Wajda, based on the 1948 novel by writer Jerzy Andrzejewski. The film completed Wajda’s war films trilogy following A Generation (1954) and Kanal (1956).
The Seventh Seal is a Swedish film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman. It is the story of a medieval knight and a game of chess he plays with the personification of Death who has come to take his life. The film established Bergman as a world-renowned director and is considered a major classic of world cinema.
The Night of the Hunter is an American thriller film directed by Charles Laughton and starring Robert Mitchum. It is based on the true story of Harry Powers hanged in 1932 for the murders of two widows and three children in West Virginia. The film is famous for its lyric and expressionistic style which influenced later directors such as David Lynch and Martin Scorsese.
Pather Panchali is a drama film written and directed by Satyajit Ray based on a Bengali novel of the same name. It is the first film of the Apu trilogy which depicts the childhood of the protagonist Apu in the rural countryside of Bengal in the 1920s. It was Rays’ first feature film as well as the first movie from independent India to attract major international critical attention. It is today considered one of the greatest films ever made.
Rebel Without a Cause is a American drama film Directed by Nicholas Ray about emotionally confused suburban, middle-class teenagers. The film has today achieved landmark status for the acting of cultural icon James Dean who unfortunately died before the film’s release and it often considered his most celebrated role.
All That Heaven Allows is a romance feature film directed by Douglas Sirk and starring Jane Wyman and Rock Hudson. The story is about a well-to-do widow and a younger landscape designer falling in love.
On the Waterfront is a American drama film directed by Elia Kazan and stars Marlon Brando about union violence and corruption among longshoremen. Some say it was based on a series of articles written in the New York Sun by Malcolm Johnson. The film received eight Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor and Best Director.
Tokyo Story is a Japanese film directed by Yasujiro Ozu and often regarded as his masterpiece. The film is about an aging couple who travel to Tokyo to visit their grown children, but find their children are too absorbed in their own lives to spend much time with their parents.
Singin’ in the Rain is an American comedy musical film starring, choreographed and directed by Gene Kelly as well as Stanley Donen. The film is a comic depiction of Hollywood during the transition from silent films to “talkies.” It is often described as one of the best musicals ever made.
Rashomon is a crime mystery film directed by Akira Kurosawa, famous for being the film that introduced the master the and Japanese cinema to Western audiences. The film won many award including the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival and an Academy Honorary Award.
Orpheus is a French film starring Jean Marais directed by Jean Cocteau as the central part of his Orphic Trilogy, which also consists of The Blood of a Poet (1930) and Testament of Orpheus (1960).
The Third Man is a British film noir directed by Carol Reed best known for its atmospheric cinematography, excellent performances and unique musical score.
Passport to Pimlico is a British comedy film directed by Henry Cornelius inspired by a true incident during the Second World War, when the royal family of the Netherlands fled to Canada.
Letter from an Unknown Woman is a 1948 film directed by Max Ophüls. It was based on the novella of the same name by Stefan Zweig. The film stars Joan Fontaine, Louis Jourdan, Mady Christians and Marcel Journet.
Bicycle Thieves is a Italian neorealist film directed by Vittorio De Sica about the story of a poor man searching the streets of Rome for his stolen bicycle. The film is based on the novel of the same name by Luigi Bartolini.
It’s a Wonderful Life is an American comedy/drama film produced and directed by Frank Capra and based on the short story “The Greatest Gift” written by Philip Van Doren Stern. The film is about a man whose imminent suicide on Christmas Eve brings about the intervention of his guardian angel.
A Matter of Life and Death is a romantic fantasy film set during World War II created by the British writer-director-producer team of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger.
Rome, Open City is an Italian war drama film, directed by Roberto Rossellini set in Rome during the Nazi occupation in 1944. The film won several awards at various film festivals and was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.
Children of Paradise or Les Enfants du Paradis is a French film by Marcel Carné, made during the German occupation of France during World War II. It is the story of a beautiful courtesan, Garance, and the four men who love her in their own ways: a mime artist, an actor, a criminal and an aristocrat.
Ossessione or Obsession is an Italian film based on the novel, The Postman Always Rings Twice, by James M. Cain. The film is Luchino Visconti’s first feature film and it is often considered the first Italian neorealist film.
Casablanca is a American romantic drama film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman. The story is about a man torn between love and virtue. Indeed he must choose between his love for a woman and helping her and her Czech Resistance leader husband escape from the Vichy-controlled Moroccan city of Casablanca to continue his fight against the Nazis.
In Which We Serve is a British patriotic war film directed by David Lean and Noël Coward, based on the exploits of Captain Lord Louis Mountbatten, commander of the HMS Kelly destroyer which sunk during the Battle of Crete. The film made with the assistance of the Ministry of Information remains a classic example of wartime British cinema through its patriotic imagery of national unity and social cohesion within the context of the Second World War.
To Be or Not to Be is a American comedy directed by Ernst Lubitsch, about a troupe of actors in Nazi-occupied Warsaw who use their abilities at disguise and acting to fool the occupying troops. The title is a reference to the famous “To be, or not to be” in William Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
The Maltese Falcon is a film written and directed by directorial debut John Huston, based on the novel of the same name by Dashiell Hammett and featuring Humphrey Bogart. The story follows a private detective’s dealings with a jewel-encrusted statuette of a falcon mystery. It is considered the first major work of the film noir genre.
Citizen Kane is an American drama film directed by and starring Orson Welles often considered the greatest movie of all time. It is famous for its innovative cinematography, music and narrative structure. The story displays the life and legacy of Charles Foster Kane, a character based upon the American newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst.
The Grapes of Wrath is a drama film directed by John Ford and based on John Steinbeck’s Pulitzer Prize winning novel of the same name. The film follows an Oklahoma family across the United States journey during the Great Depression of the 1930s.
His Girl Friday is an American screwball comedy film directed by Howard Hawks and starring Cary Grant as Walter Burns and Rosalind Russell as Hildy Johnson. It is famous for its rapid-fire dialogue.
The Philadelphia Story is a 1940 American romantic comedy film directed by George Cukor and starring Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn. It is considered one of the best examples of a comedy of remarriage, a genre popular in the 1930s and 1940s, in which a couple divorce, flirt with outsiders and then remarry.
Gone with the Wind is a American historical epic film directed by Victor Fleming and adapted from Margaret Mitchell’s Pulitzer-winning 1936 novel of the same name. It is the story of the American Civil War and Reconstruction era from a Southern point of view, starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh. It is known to be the first major film shot in colour.
The Rules of the Game or La Règle du jeu is a 1939 French film directed by Jean Renoir about upper-class French society just before the start of World War II. He was inspired by France greatest authors including Alfred de Musset’s Les Caprices de Marianne as well as Moliere and Marivaux.
Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Games and known to be the first documentary feature film on the Olympic Games ever made. The cinematography techniques employed were groundbreaking and universally admired, however the film remains controversial due to its political context.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was the first animated feature film produced in America and first to be produced by Walt Disney as well as the first full-length cel-animated feature in motion picture history. Following its success, various Walt Disney animated classics followed.
L’Atalante is a 1934 French film directed by Jean Vigo and starring Jean Dasté, Dita Parlo and Michel Simon. It has been hailed by many critics as one of the greatest films of all time.
King Kong is a fantasy monster adventure film co-directed by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack about the now famous gigantic island-dwelling gorilla-like creature called Kong who dies in an attempt to possess a beautiful young woman.
Duck Soup is a 1933 Marx Brothers anarchic comedy film directed by Leo McCarey and featuring the “Four Marx Brothers” including Groucho, Harpo, Chico and Zeppo. Although it wasn’t a really a commercial and critical hit, it since achieved the status of a classic and often considered the Marx Brothers’ finest film.
42nd Street is an American lively backstage musical directed by Lloyd Bacon. It was very successful at the box office and widely nominated for different prestigious films awards. The film is often considered a masterpiece in its genre and features on a variety of top cinema lists.
City Lights is a silent romantic comedy-drama film written, directed and starring Charlie Chaplin. It is often considered as one of the highest accomplishments of his prolific career. Although classified as a comedy, City Lights has an ending widely regarded as one of the most moving in cinema history.
The Blue Angel is a film directed by Josef von Sternberg considered to be the first major German sound film as well as bringing to world fame actress Marlene Dietrich.
All Quiet on the Western Front is a 1930 American epic war film directed by Lewis Milestone and based on the Erich Maria Remarque novel of the same name. It is often considered one of the most realistic account of warfare in World War I.
The Passion of Joan of Arc is a French silent film starring Renée Jeanne Falconetti and directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer depicting the trial, imprisonment, torture and execution of Joan of Arc. It is widely regarded as a one of cinema greatest films, celebrated for its direction and main character excellent performance.
Un Chien Andalou or An Andalusian Dog is a silent surrealist short film by debuting Spanish director Luis Bunuel and famous artist Salvador Dali. It is famous for being unconventional with a disjointed chronology and use of dream logic or Freudian free association in its narrative flow.
The 1927 Napoleon is an epic silent French film directed by Abel Gance displaying the rise of Napoleon from its school youth to the invasion of Italy. The film is often considered to be ahead of its time being one of the first to use handheld cameras and new editing methods.
Metropolis is a science-fiction film following the German expressionist school, directed by Fritz Lang and set in a futuristic urban dystopia, depicting the social crisis between workers and owners. It is famous for being the most expensive silent film ever made, at a cost of about 5 million Reichsmark ($200 million when adjusted for inflation).
The Battleship Potemkin is one of the greatest masterpieces by Russian director Sergei Eisenstein showing a dramatized version of the 1905 mutiny of the battleship Potemkin crew against their officers of the Tsarist regime. The film is known for being one of the most influential propaganda films of all time.
Nanook of the North is a 1922 silent documentary film by Robert J. Flaherty in the tradition of what would later be called salvage ethnography. The film is considered the first feature-length documentary, showing the struggles of Inuk Nanook and his family in the Canadian arctic.
Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, simply known as Nosferatu is a German Expressionist horror film directed by F. W. Murnau and loosely based on Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula. The film starred Max Schreck in the role of the vampire Nosferatu Count Orlok.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari directed by Robert Wiene is considered one of the greatest horror movies of the silent era as well as one of the most influential of German Expressionist. The film is also famous for being the first to introduce the twist ending in cinema.
The Birth of a Nation is an American silent film directed by D. W. Griffith which chronicles the relationship of two families during the Civil War with key historic scenes such as the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. The film was a huge commercial success, but was highly controversial due to the depiction of racism, which inspired D.W. Griffith to produce Intolerance the following year.
A Trip to the Moon or Le Voyage dans la lune is a 1902 French movie directed by magician director Georges Méliès, loosely based on two popular Jules Verne novels and known to be the first science fiction film in cinematic history. Indeed it uses innovative animation and special effects such as the famous scene where the spaceship land in the eye of the moon.